The spiral wound gasket was developed in the early 20th century to meet the increasingly demanding conditions encountered in oil refinery operations. This type of gasket is commonly used with flange surface finishes created using Mirage flange facing machines, which is why we decided to put together this simple overview as an introductory guide for the on-site machinist.
Gaskets used in the oil, gas and petrochemical industries need to be engineered to cope with high pressures, extreme temperatures and chemical attack. Fluctuations in the above, along with temperature differential across the flange face and bolt stress relaxation, demand a gasket with flexibility and recovery. The need for the gasket to recover from changing conditions cannot be over emphasized.